Best practices in Math refers to practices espoused by the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. Traditionally, mathematics has been perceived as a ready-made discipline to be handed down by a teacher skilled in the art of transmitting or explaining. Best practices changes this approach and instead ensures that students learn with understanding by actively building new knowledge from experience and prior knowledge. Students are taught in a setting that ensures that problem solving, reasoning, connections, communication, and conceptual understanding are all developed simultaneously along with procedural fluency. Students learn to solve problems in a variety of ways, including the traditional algorithms.